Diabetic Retinopathy is one of the earliest complications of diabetes and is the leading cause of blindness. The other common complications are cataracts and glaucoma. Diabetic retinopathy may be proliferative, nonproliferative or macular edema. Annual Fundus/Retina Examination is recommended for the early detection of diabetic retinopathy. The treatment of diabetic retinopathy is either by photocoagulation or intraocular injections of anti-VEGF drugs or by vitrectomy.